singleton design pattern

Singleton Design Pattern in Magento 2

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In Magento 2, the Singleton design pattern plays a vital role in managing global instances and ensuring the availability of a single, shared object throughout the application. This article explores the Singleton pattern and its significance in Magento development, shedding light on how it facilitates efficient resource utilization and promotes consistent behavior across the system.

Understanding the Singleton Design Pattern

This design pattern is a widely used design pattern that restricts the instantiation of a class to a single object. It provides a global point of access to this instance, allowing other parts of the system to interact with it. The pattern is employed to create classes that need to maintain a single instance for efficient resource management and to enforce consistent behavior.

Purpose and Functionality

The primary purpose of this design Pattern in Magento is to ensure that only one instance of a class exists and to provide a global point of access to that instance. This allows multiple parts of the application to share and interact with the same object, reducing resource consumption and ensuring data consistency.

Usage in Magento 2

To implement the Singleton pattern in Magento, developers typically rely on the built-in Magento\Framework\Singleton class. This class provides a base implementation that enforces the creation of a single instance and provides methods for accessing that instance. Developers can extend this class or implement their own custom singletons based on project requirements.

The Singleton pattern in Magento 2 ensures that multiple calls to retrieve the instance of a class will always return the same object. This behaviour helps avoid duplicate resource allocation and provides a centralized point for accessing and manipulating shared data or functionality.

Example of Singleton design pattern

The example below we have injected Product model class and we are updating a list of products from an array passed to updateAtrribute function. The following code will only update the product with first element in an array. No other products will be updated. The first product will update wrong value as it will take update value of the last element and not the first.

From the array $productValue id 1001 will be updated but with the value as Korean and not English. This is because we have not added a factory class which then this object of product became a singleton object. As the loop runs it will update the same id till the end. First iteration it will set as English, then French and so on till end.

$productValue = [
  ["id" => 1001, "value" => "English"],
  ["id" => 1002, "value" => "French"],
  ["id" => 1003, "value" => "Spanish"],
  ["id" => 1004, "value" => "Korean"],
namespace Learningmagento\Test\Helper;

class UpdateProduct 
    protected $product;

    public function __construct(
      \Magento\Catalog\Model\Product $product
       $this->product = $product;

    public function updateAttribute(array $productValues) 
       foreach($productValue as $pvalue)
          $product = $this->product->load($pvalue["id"]);
          $product->setData("lang", $pvalue["value"]);

Benefits and Advantages of Singleton Pattern

  1. Resource Efficiency: The Singleton pattern ensures efficient resource utilization by creating a single instance of a class. This avoids unnecessary duplication of resources and helps optimize memory usage.
  2. Data Consistency: With a Singleton instance ensures that shared data remains consistent across different parts of the system. Any modifications made to the Singleton instance are immediately visible to all components that interact with it.
  3. Global Accessibility: The Singleton pattern provides a global point of access to the instance, allowing various components and modules to interact with the shared object without the need for complex coordination or data passing.
  4. Dependency Injection: Singleton instances in Magento can be injected into other classes using the dependency injection mechanism, ensuring that dependencies are resolved correctly and consistently throughout the application.
  5. Customization and Extension: Developers can extend the base Singleton class or implement their own custom Singleton classes to introduce additional logic or behavior to the shared instance. This allows for customization and extension of the Singleton objects to meet specific project requirements.

Vs Factory design pattern

The Singleton design pattern guarantees a singular instance of a class, useful for centralized resource management, while the Factory pattern delegates object creation, promoting flexibility. Singleton maintains a single instance globally, advantageous for resource-intensive tasks, whereas Factory aids in loose coupling, allowing subclasses to determine object types. Choosing between them depends on whether you require a singular control point for resources (Singleton) or a flexible approach to object creation (Factory). See more information about factory design pattern.


The Singleton Pattern in Magento serves as a powerful tool for managing global instances and ensuring resource efficiency. By creating a single shared instance of a class, the Singleton pattern promotes consistent behavior, enhances data consistency, and provides a centralized point of access for various components. Understanding and effectively utilizing the Singleton pattern is essential for developing scalable and maintainable Adobe commerce and Magento 2 applications.


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